Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impaired social interaction, verbal and non-verbal communication, restricted and repetitive behavior.ASD can be associated with intellectual disability, difficulties in motor coordination and attention and physical health issues such as sleep and gastrointestinal disturbances. Some persons with ASD excel in visual skills, music, math, and art.
The word ‘spectrum’ describes the range of difficulties that people on the autism spectrum may experience and the degree to which they may be affected. Some people may be able to live relatively normal lives, while others may have accompanying learning challenges and require continued specialist support. Autism spectrum disorder influences children of every race, cultural or racial group. Though it can affect any gender, is more common in boys than in girls.